William Shakespeare is the England's most famous playwright and poet. He wrote some comedies, tragedies and history plays, among which Macbeth, Hamlet, The Tempest and As You Like it. His plays have been translated many languages across the world, and are still performed and studied today.
Jane Austen is one of people's favourite English novelists well-known for her witty and satirical style. Her female characters are among the most famous in literature. She is the author of Sense and Sensibility, Pride and Prejudice, Emma and Northanger Abbey.
John Keats is an English Romantic poet who drew upon the world's multifarious beauties to write his most famous poems "The Belle Dame Sans Merci", "Ode to a Nightingale" and "Ode to Autumn". He died of tuberculosis in Rome while still in his prime.
William Makepeace Thackeray
William Makepeace Thackeray is a British writer and illustrator famous for his satirical novels known for his sharply satirical novels which record the social progress of ambitious and often cynical characters. He wrote Vanity Fair and Barry Lyndon.
Charlotte and Emily Brontë
1816−1855 (Charlotte) and 1818−1848 (Emily)
Charlotte and Emily Brontë are two sisters who belonged to a family of writers and artists which also included their younger sister Anne and elder brother Branwell. They lived and wrote in a cramped parsonage set in Haworth, in Yorkshire. The bleak wind-swept moors that surrounded them were one of their major sources of inspiration. They published Jane Eyre ans Wuthering Heights under the pseudonyms of Currer and Ellis Bell.
George Eliot's real name was Mary Ann Evans. Her novels, among which The Mill on the Floss and Middlemarch, feature middle-class characters and address the social and economic changes of her time. Her heroine Dorothea Brooke has inspired Henry James's Isabel Archer in The Portrait of the Lady.
Thomas Hardy is a novelist and poet who drew upon his native Dorset to write grippingly tragic stories of unrequited love, failure and bankrupt. A rather fatalistic writer, Hardy believed in the inevitability of fate and wrong choices leading to individual downfall. His most famous novel include Tess of the d'Urberville, The Return of the Native, Far from the Madding Crowd and Jude the Obscure.
Edith Wharton is an American author whose novels portray the rise and fall of New York high society, a milieu whose people she knew best. She wrote The Age of Innocence, The Custom of the Country, The House of Mirth and Ethan Frome. She also penned Gothic short stories, also set in New York.
Evelyn Waugh is a Catholic English writer whose novels and short stories offer a fairly melancholic and disillusioned vision of humankind. He is well remembered today for his nostalgic novel Brideshead Revisited.
W.H. Auden is a politically committed English poet who wrote extensively about love, death and the state of the world in his own time. He was open about his homosexuality, which he mentions in some of his poems, including "Funeral Blues".
William Golding is a British author and professor who owes his fame for his début novel Lord of the Flies, initially written for children, although it adresses very serious adult questions. He was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1983.
Edward Abbey is an American novelist and essayist, born in Arizona, and renowned for his commitment to the preservation of the natural environment. He was sometimes tooted as an eco-terrorist for his allegiance to deep ecology. He wrote Desert Solitaire and The Monkey Wrench Gang.
Kazuo Ishiguro is a Japanese-born British novelist awarded the Nobel for Literature in 2017. His fiction mostly deals with loss and nostalgia. He wrote The Remains of the Day and Never Let Me Go.
Carol Ann Duffy
Carol Ann Duffy is a Scottish award-winning poetess famous for her truthful, sometimes blunt, style. Her poetry deals with love, but also describes ordinary people's joys, quandaries and difficulties. Duffy is also a feminist.