Relation entre l’individu et le groupeAuteurs


William Shakespeare


William Shakespeare is the England's most famous playwright and poet. He wrote some comedies, tragedies and history plays, among which Macbeth, Hamlet, The Tempest and As You Like it. His plays have been translated many languages across the world, and are still performed and studied today.


John Donne


John Donne is a metaphysical poet who wrote light-hearted and meditative poems about love, god, nature and society. He took holy orders late in life. 


Nathaniel Hawthorne


American writer born in Massachusetts. He was greatly influenced by European fiction, and in particular Gothic literature. His ancestors came from England and settled in the United States in the 17th Century. One of them was a prosecutor at the famous Salem Witch Trials in 1692.


Henry David Thoreau


Thoreau is an American writer and philosopher. He is the one who forged the concept of "civil disobedience", a form of peaceful but no less powerful protest, later advocated by mahatma Gandhi in his fight for India's independence. 


Anne Brontë


Anne is the youngest of the famous Brontë sisters. She wrote two novels, Agnes Grey in 1847 and The Tenant of Wildfell Hall in 1848. She died of tuberculosis, like her sister Emily.


Robert Louis Stevenson


Robert Louis Stevenson is a Scottish writer known for his books Treasure Island and Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde. Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde is a classic horror story of a doctor who has an evil side to him called Mr Hyde.


Virginia Woolf


Virginia Woolf was an English novelist who wrote many "modernist classics" like Mrs Dalloway (1925) or To the Light House (1928). In her work, she created a new writing style: "the stream of consciousness" and she dealt with many issues like feminism, madness and homosexuality.


James Joyce


James Joyce is one of Ireland's most celebrated author whose experimental fiction is still immensely popular with readers and scholars. His Dublin-based Odyssee Ulysses is considered to be his masterpiece, although it is hardly readable due to the absence of any punctuation.


Aldous Huxley


Aldous Huxley was an English novelist and critic. He is best known for Brave New World (1932), a model of dystopian science fiction.


Francis Scott Fitzgerald


Fitzgerald was an American writer and novelist famous for his stories set in the Jazz Age (the Roaring 1920s), his most famous novel is The Great Gatsby (1925).


Tom Wolfe


Tom Wolfe is an American novelist and journalist. He made a career out of mocking the society of his time and debunking political correctness. He enjoyed scandal and controversy.


Tennessee Williams


Tennessee Williams is an American playwright and poet whose most famous plays A Streetcar Named Desire, The Glass Menagerie and Cat on a Hot Tin Roof focus on lonely characters whose essential flaw is to be too different to fit in society. Most of his plays also dramatize the dilemma between individual aspirations and social expectations.


Philip Roth


Philip Roth is a non-conformist American writer whose novels turn US society inside out, revealing its conflicts, contradictions and politically correct hypocrisy.


Margaret Atwood


Margaret Atwood is a Canadian writer best known for The Handmaid's Tale. It is a dystopian fiction.