Relation entre l’individu et le groupeAuteurs

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William Shakespeare

1564−1616

William Shakespeare is the England's most famous playwright and poet. He wrote some comedies, tragedies and history plays, among which Macbeth, Hamlet, The Tempest and As You Like it. His plays have been translated many languages across the world, and are still performed and studied today.

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John Donne

1572−1631

John Donne is a metaphysical poet who wrote light-hearted and meditative poems about love, god, nature and society. He took holy orders late in life. 
 

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Nathaniel Hawthorne

1804−1864

American writer born in Massachusetts. He was greatly influenced by European fiction, and in particular Gothic literature. His ancestors came from England and settled in the United States in the 17th Century. One of them was a prosecutor at the famous Salem Witch Trials in 1692.

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Henry David Thoreau

1817−1862

Thoreau is an American writer and philosopher. He is the one who forged the concept of "civil disobedience", a form of peaceful but no less powerful protest, later advocated by mahatma Gandhi in his fight for India's independence. 
 

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Anne Brontë

1820−1849

Anne is the youngest of the famous Brontë sisters. She wrote two novels, Agnes Grey in 1847 and The Tenant of Wildfell Hall in 1848. She died of tuberculosis, like her sister Emily.

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Robert Louis Stevenson

1850−1894

Robert Louis Stevenson is a Scottish writer known for his books Treasure Island and Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde. Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde is a classic horror story of a doctor who has an evil side to him called Mr Hyde.

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Virginia Woolf

1882−1941

Virginia Woolf was an English novelist who wrote many "modernist classics" like Mrs Dalloway (1925) or To the Light House (1928). In her work, she created a new writing style: "the stream of consciousness" and she dealt with many issues like feminism, madness and homosexuality.

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James Joyce

1882−1941

James Joyce is one of Ireland's most celebrated author whose experimental fiction is still immensely popular with readers and scholars. His Dublin-based Odyssee Ulysses is considered to be his masterpiece, although it is hardly readable due to the absence of any punctuation.

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Aldous Huxley

1894−1963

Aldous Huxley was an English novelist and critic. He is best known for Brave New World (1932), a model of dystopian science fiction.

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Francis Scott Fitzgerald

1896−1940

Fitzgerald was an American writer and novelist famous for his stories set in the Jazz Age (the Roaring 1920s), his most famous novel is The Great Gatsby (1925).

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Tom Wolfe

1900−1938

Tom Wolfe is an American novelist and journalist. He made a career out of mocking the society of his time and debunking political correctness. He enjoyed scandal and controversy.

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Tennessee Williams

1911−1983

Tennessee Williams is an American playwright and poet whose most famous plays A Streetcar Named Desire, The Glass Menagerie and Cat on a Hot Tin Roof focus on lonely characters whose essential flaw is to be too different to fit in society. Most of his plays also dramatize the dilemma between individual aspirations and social expectations.

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Philip Roth

1933−2018

Philip Roth is a non-conformist American writer whose novels turn US society inside out, revealing its conflicts, contradictions and politically correct hypocrisy.

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Margaret Atwood

1939-...

Margaret Atwood is a Canadian writer best known for The Handmaid's Tale. It is a dystopian fiction.